IVF Specialized Procedures

Specialist and Consulting Services for Fertility Treatment.

Test Tube Baby India

What is in vitro fertilization – IVF?

The IVF process involves:

  • Stimulating multiple follicles and eggs to develop
  • Egg retrieval to get the eggs
  • Fertilizing the eggs in the laboratory
  • Embryo transfer to the uterus

Louise Brown was the first IVF baby in the world. She was born in July of 1978 in England. Louise was 28 (in 2006) when she had her own baby (without IVF).

  • Hundreds of thousands of children are now born every year as a result of IVF
  • For an overview of IVF, see In vitro fertilization

The process of in vitro fertilization – how is IVF done?
Basic screening tests are performed on both partners at all IVF clinics

  • In general, some testing of “ovarian reserve” should be done on the female prior to starting the injections.
  • We use day 3 FSH and AMH blood testing as well as antral follicle counts for this purpose.
  • These tests help predict how well the ovaries will respond to the drugs (making sufficient follicles and eggs).
  • The number of follicles that develop when we stimulate the woman correlates with the number of eggs we get at the egg pickup (aspiration or retrieval) procedure.
  • The number of eggs retrieved correlates with IVF success rates

Consents are signed by all parties

The woman is stimulated with injected medications to develop multiple follicles in the ovaries. Each follicle contains a microscopic egg. These injections continue to stimulate follicle and egg growth and development for about 8 – 10 days.

  • Details about ovarian stimulation protocols for in-vitro fertilization
  • Details about the subcutaneous injectable medications
  • Sample in vitro fertilization calendar of a “typical” cycle that shows the days medications are given, office visits, etc.

Blood and ultrasound testing is done every 1-3 days to monitor the development of the follicles (egg-containing structures) in the ovaries.

We need to get a minimum number of 3 follicles to develop to maturity in order to be able to proceed with the egg retrieval. About 90-95% of women under 40 with a normal FSH and normal antral follicle counts will develop at least this minimum number of follicles.

If this many mature follicles cannot be obtained from the stimulation process – we will “cancel” the cycle (not proceed with egg retrieval). Criteria for cancellation can vary between IVF centers.



What is IVF for?

In Vitro Fertilization is commonly referred to as IVF. IVF is the process of fertilization by manually combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. When the IVF procedure is successful, the process is combined with a procedure known as embryo transfer, which involves physically placing the embryo in the uterus.

What does IVF mean and what does it stand for?

IVF is a major treatment for infertility when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed. The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman’s ovulatory process, removing ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a fluid medium in a laboratory.

How the IVF procedure is done?

An IVF cycle costs about $8000 upfront. In Australia, Medicare and private health insurers will reimburse about $5000. If you don’t have private health insurance, add about another $1000 per cycle. The risks of IVF.

What happens during in vitro fertilization?

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) literally means ‘fertilisation in glass’ giving us the familiar term ‘test tube baby’. During the IVF process, eggs are removed from the ovaries and fertilised with sperm in the laboratory. The fertilised egg (embryo) is later placed in the woman’s womb.


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Laser Assisted Hatching

Laser-assisted hatching can turn around a history of failure for embryos to implant themselves in the uterine wall. Assisted hatching is used to help the embryo hatch from its protective outer shell, the zona pellucida, and promote implantation in the uterine wall after embryo transfer.


Blastocyst Culture

Blastocyst culture and transfer is a technique developed for in vitro fertilization (IVF). This procedure intends to maximize pregnancy rates while minimizing the risk of multiple pregnancies. Embryos are typically cultured for 3 days (cleavage stage with 4-10 cells) before being transferred into the uterus.



Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) are genetic testing procedures for embryos. The procedures offer couples that are likely to pass on a genetic abnormality a way to become biological parents with minimal risk.


Embryo Freezing

This is important in the embryology world because ice crystal formation can be very damaging to frozen embryos (or other frozen cells). Vitrification in IVF can allow freezing of spare embryos with better post-thaw survival rates and higher pregnancy and live birth rates from frozen embryo transfer cycles.

Reproductive medicine