Types of Surrogacy

Types of Surrogacy More than one Option

When deciding on the option of using a surrogate to bear a child, the types of surrogacy available will be an important factor to consider.



The use of surrogates is not a modern infertility treatment, as in fact this practice has been carried out for many years by some of our fore mothers. Before modern medicine was able to diagnose female infertility, a woman who was unable to bear her husband a child, often resorted to providing the maid to her husband, to bear her child. This could be classified as sexual surrogacy, but modern technology has circumvented this practice.

Types of surrogacy

There are of course many options and decisions to be made when deciding on the types of surrogacy required. Here are the many variances to be considered:

  1. Male donates sperm to surrogate – genetic surrogacy:
  • A woman may be infertile due to problems with her ovaries, or uterus and is thus unable to conceive. She may however long for a child of her own with her partner or spouse. Her partner will donate his sperm to the surrogate mother through means of Artificial Insemination (AI) or donor insemination.
  • In years gone by the male would have sexual intercourse with the surrogate mother, in order for pregnancy to take place. Fortunately ART techniques have ensured that this practise is no longer necessary as many couples find this method unacceptable. There may be far retching physiological repercussions from such a practise for the couple as well as the surrogate.
  • Both methods of achieving pregnancy aren’t guaranteed to succeed first time round and may require multiple attempts before pregnancy takes place. A child born from this type of surrogacy will of course be the biological infant of the father when she/he is handed over.
  1. Both egg and sperm of the couple are used – gestational surrogacy:
  • In cases where both partners are infertile – the male may have low or abnormal sperm, together with his partner who is unable to conceive due to:
    • Malformed or an absent uterus
    • Multiple miscarriages
    • Repeated IVF treatment failures

will require this form of surrogacy which involves the donation of both partners egg and sperm. Once fertilized, the embryo will be implanted into the surrogate mother. Several attempts at implantation may be required before conception takes place. The infant born from the surrogate will be the biological child of both parents.

  1. Donor sperm or donor egg may be combined with sperm or egg from the couple:
  • The use of anonymous donor egg or sperm has become more popular, if either the male or female partner is infertile. With this arrangement the child born will have no physical relationship to the surrogate mother, and will still be the biological child of one of the parents.
  1. Donor sperm and egg are required:
  • Another form of surrogacy is when a couple seek to use sperm and eggs from a cryo-bank together with a surrogate mother. This may be due to infertility reasons or fear of passing an inherited genetic disease to a child. The infant will not carry either parent’s DNA and will be an adopted child.

Commercial surrogacy is normally entered into with a surrogate mother, who will provide the service for a fee. Typically it may be couples wanting a child and have been unable to do so as a result of infertility. Commercial surrogacy is also on the increase for many other reasons – couples who prefer the option of paying a surrogate to bear their children.

The critical option around the types of surrogacy available is very dependent on the health of both or one of the couple. Preference for the decision may be around genetics, and wanting the infant to carry the DNA of at least one of the partners. Alternatively, the couple may feel that the use of donor sperm and donor egg would be a better choice, so that neither DNA is used thus avoiding straining the relationship in future years.

How Growing Generations Helps You Save

The ACME Fertility Surrogacy Program helps hundreds of intended parents each year become parents.



At ACME Fertility, our goal is to prepare you for the journey that lies ahead. Knowing and understanding the costs, and creating a budget at the beginning of your surrogacy process can help to reduce stress and delays later on.

We are dedicated to helping you start your family through surrogacy affordably. We do so by offering a range of pricing and financing options to benefit you.

Please feel free to contact us with any questions you may have, all types of communication are most welcome!

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How does a surrogate mother get pregnant?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) now makes it possible to harvest eggs from the mother, fertilize them with sperm from the father, and place the embryo into the uterus of a gestational surrogate. The surrogate then carries the baby until birth. A gestational surrogate has no genetic ties to the child.

Who is a surrogate mother?

A surrogate mother is a woman who agrees to carry someone else’s baby. She becomes pregnant using some form of assisted reproductive technology, frequently IVF. The surrogate mother carries the baby to term and gives birth, and the baby is released from the hospital to its intended parents.

How much does it cost to have a surrogate mother?

If your surrogate got pregnant on the first attempt, using an egg donor, your costs would range between $143,380 to $165,380 on average, and based on a singleton pregnancy.

What does it mean to be a surrogate mother?

Artificial insemination first made surrogacy possible. A traditional surrogate is a woman who is artificially inseminated with the father’s sperm. She then carries the baby and delivers it for the parents to raise. A traditional surrogate is the baby’s biological mother.

Surrogacy Factors to Consider

Even though traditional and gestational surrogacy is very different, both are typically just as safe as going through a traditional biological pregnancy. Prior to starting the surrogacy process, the surrogate is first screened in order to determine her overall health. If she is not considered healthy enough to carry the embryo, another surrogate should be chosen. Once ready to proceed, if using gestational surrogacy, the surrogate will be required to take certain medications that will aid her in developing numerous eggs for use in the fertilization process. When the baby is ready for birth, the surrogate will go through the typical process for delivery of the baby. After the baby’s birth, he or she will then go home with the new parents.

Which Program is Right for You?

Surrogacy with an Egg Donor

One of the key benefits of using an Egg Donor age 30 years or younger is enhancing your chance of success. A 2012 study from the Center for Disease Control on IVF success rates reports that over 56% of transfers using eggs from an egg donor younger than 35 years resulted in a live birth. This is compared to 37% for women aged 35-37, 28% for women 38-40, 16% for women 41-42, and 6% for women 43-44. Women 44 years or more had a 3% chance of achieving a live birth.

Some other important benefits of working with an egg donor include:

  • Ability to select characteristics, such as ethnicity, education, intelligence, physical attributes, and geographic location.
  • For experienced egg donors, statistics on previous donations, such as number of eggs retrieved, how many embryos created, and pregnancy and birth rates.
  • Anonymous egg donation provides a comfortable distance between the egg donor and the intended parent for many clients

Surrogacy with Your Own Eggs or with a Known Donor

Many people choose surrogacy because it allows them to have their own biological child. So, for those intended parents desiring to use their own eggs, or to use the eggs of a family member or friend, there are two key areas where you may save money.

  • Egg Donor compensation
  • Egg Donor Agency fee

In most cases, this is $15,000-$20,000 in savings. If you find it is important for your child to know the egg donor, having a known egg donor who is a friend or family member will often provide you with an ideal situation.

Now, it is important to note that in these scenarios, you may come across decreased chances of success the older the age of the eggs being used. So, money being saved by not using an egg donor from an agency may be spent in increased attempts at pregnancy.